When we go out to do our Green Deal Assessments, we encounter some interesting properties on our travels. One property we recently Green Deal assessed, located in London, was going through a major refurbishment, including the installation of underfloor heating.
Underfloor heating if you have never tried it, is a real luxury; the ability to walk on a nice warm floor even in the midst of winter is definitely a most pleasurable experience! In addition, provided you have a well-insulated property; it can be a much more efficient way of heating your property compared to using radiators. This is because the temperature the floor is heated to is much lower than trying to heat with radiators, hence less energy is required and when heat rises a more even distribution of heat is achieved.
Now, the property in question was a 1975 town house in West Kensington, with cavity walls and solid floors throughout. Retrofitting underfloor heating and insulation on solid floors involves a different process than if you are looking to do the same with a suspended timber floor so please bear that in mind as you read this guide. The process for installing underfloor heating and insulation on a suspended timber floor can be found here.
Process of installing underfloor heating on a Solid Floor
In the following guide we look at installing a wet underfloor heating system, although you can install electric ‘dry’ systems.
Installing the insulation
1. Prior to laying the anything on the solid floor, you first need to insulate the envelope of the house (loft, walls and floors). This is an absolute must before starting the installing of the underfloor heating system. As mentioned they work at lower temperatures than conventional heating systems so it is imperative the heat the produce doesn’t escape, so we strongly recommend doing the insulation first, otherwise your new heating solution could essentially not work.
The first photos shows a roll of water proof membrane, which is laid out on the concrete floor. This acts as a vapour barrier that will also prevent damp from rising in the floor.
2. Having put this in place you can then install polystyrene boards like Celotex or Kingspan of variable thickness. The precise thickness of boards installed can vary from 25mm of insulation to 150mm of insulation. However on concrete floors the more insulation you put in, the more room height you sacrifice, although obviously the less heat will escape into the ground. It is vital that you don’t run the underfloor heating coils directly onto the concrete floor without first laying insulation otherwise the majority of the heat will be lost into the ground.
In the photo below I made out the thickness to be 75mm, which was added throughout the ground floor area.
3. The next step is to install the heating pipes, which are then fixed to the top of the insulation boards as shown on the photo below. These underfloor coils need to be aligned close enough together to ensure there are no cold spots under the floor.
4. This is then followed by a layer of screed (made of a combination of cement and sand), which is placed over the pipework to protect the pipes from collapsing when people stand or furniture is laid on the floor. To provide adequate protection and to ensure the floor isn’t too hot, the coils have to be buried within 65mm of screed.
5. A range of floor finishes can be applied to the screed layer including tiles, veneer or wooden boards. This entirely depends on your taste and preference. In my property example the home owner went for a carpeted finish, which meant carpet underlay went in before the carpet was rolled out.
Underfloor heating with Renewables
It is also worth mentioning that underfloor heating works especially well with renewable heating solutions like air source heat pumps or solar thermal since they produce hot water at lower temperatures than traditional gas fired central heating systems. In addition since they are producing hot water at minimum cost once they have been installed they really do make the running of the underfloor heating system very economical.
If you have had a heat pump or solar thermal installed in the last couple of years give us a ring to see if you could benefit from the Renewable Heat Premium Payment which is a cashback incentive to help fund the installation of renewable heating solutions. Call us on 0208 144 0897 or send us an email to Mailbox@TheGreenAge.co.uk