UPDATE: The Feed-In Tariff is now closed for new applications. To find out about the new scheme designed to replace it, click here.
Before we answer, let’s start by introducing the two terms:
- Home battery storage means you can keep all the electricity you generate with your solar PV panels, rather than sending the excess to the National Grid. This allows you to save on the amount of electricity you import, cutting your bills.
- The Feed-in Tariff is a government scheme designed to incentivise people to install home renewables by paying them for the electricity they generate. Although rates are not as high as they were, it’s still a nice bonus for anyone who would install solar PV anyway.
The answer to the question of whether or not battery storage affects payments turned out not to be as easy as we initially thought! We had assumed that FiT payments wouldn’t be affected by installing a battery storage system, but it turns out it’s not quite so simple:
It all hinges on whether your system is AC-coupled or DC-coupled.
AC-coupled vs DC-coupled solar battery storage
If your home battery storage system is AC-coupled, it means the batteries are stored on the grid side, and the electricity has always been converted by your inverter and measured by your generation meter before it is stored.
If it is DC-coupled, you install your batteries on the same side of the inverter as your solar panels. It is then only converted to AC electricity when it is used.
The main Feed in Tariff rate is based on how much electricity you generate. Batteries lose energy when they are charged and discharged, so if you store your energy as DC before it is read by your export meter, some of it may be wasted – meaning lower payments.
The other potential issue is if DC electricity is drawn from the battery for use before it gets to the generation meter. This means the reading will be lower than the amount you generated in the first place, and you’ll be paid accordingly.
Therefore, if you want to get the maximum FiT payments, you should install your battery on the side after your electricity has been through the generator.
Although it’s important to bear this in mind, if you are retrofitting a battery system rather than installing one with a new solar PV system, you are more likely to be offered an AC-coupled system anyway. A DC would normally involve adding or replacing more equipment.
Home battery storage and the solar generation tariff
The other thing you will benefit from is Feed-in Tariff export payments. Although every system has a generation meter, most don’t have export meters. This means the government pays you the same amount – 50% of your generation reading – regardless of how much you generate. Therefore, your export payments won’t be affected by installing a battery storage system.
Something to bear in mind is that the smart meter rollout – expected to be completed by 2020 – might well affect the export tariff. Smart meters will automatically they read how much electricity you export, as well as how much you export. The Government could decide at this point to pay solar PV installers based on this amount, instead of the estimated number we mentioned above. Clearly, if you were storing all your electricity in batteries rather than exporting it to the grid, you wouldn’t get anything in this event.
Solar PV and the Feed-in Tariff
So, there’s your answer. Having a solar PV battery storage system installed won’t necessarily affect your Feed-in Tariff payments, but you will need to bear it in mind when choosing what kind of system to buy. A DC-coupled battery storage system is the way to go if you want to maximise your payments!
You can find more information here.
Installing battery storage
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