According to the planning portal if more than 25% of the solid wall is renovated with solid wall insulation the installation needs to adhere with building regulations. Building regulations stipulate that a solid wall needs to achieve a u-value of 0.3W/m2K or better.
Insulating solid walls to building regulations
For most of us the u-value doesn’t mean an awful lot though – instead it is probably easier to say what thickness of material needs to be used to meet the requirements.
As we have discussed previously there are 3 types of solid wall insulation used in 99% of installs.
- EPS (expanded Polystyrene)
- Mineral wool
- PIR board (e.g. Celotex)
Based on the fact the insulation is being installed on a traditional solid wall property (with a u-value of 2.13W/m2K) – in order to achieve a final u-value of 0.3 Watts / m2K you need to use the following thicknesses.
- EPS – 88.6mm thick
- Mineral Wool – 108.6mm thick
- PIR board – 65.7mm thick
In reality installers won’t insulate down to the millimetre though, most installers of EPS will install 90mm or 100mm. Likewise with the mineral wool installers will go with 110mm thick insulation.
Insulating in restricted space
Now in some cases installing this much insulation simply won’t be possible. Take for example a path between two properties, which puts a limit on the scaffolding width that can be installed between the properties.
In this case, where it is not technically or functionally feasible, the official line from the Government is that a wall should be upgraded to the best possible standard, which can be achieved within a simple payback of no greater than 15 years. Now in reality the payback depends on energy usage in the home, so the depth of insulation used can be pretty much up to the discretion of the installer.
Below though we have shown how the u-value varies for the same 3 products if only 50mm of the particular product is used.
- EPS – 0.48 W/m2K
- Mineral wool – 0.56 W/m2K
- PIR – 0.38 W/m2K
Obviously this is some way away from the building regs requirement especially for the mineral wool and EPS, but it is still as good a cavity wall with retrofitted insulation.
If you have a solid wall insulation project and are looking to see what u-value will be achieved with a given thickness you need to use the following formula
e = the thickness of insulation in metres
λ = the conductivity of the insulation
2.1 = the u-value of a solid wall
The conductivity of the three different insulation types are below:
- λ of EPS = 0.030 W/(m.K)
- λ of mineral wool = 0.038 W/(m.K)
- λ of PIR board = 0.023 W/(m.K)